Climate Change & Security


The CCIS Programme was set up shortly after the Bali UNFCCC COP 13 in 2007 by the IES to provide policy makers with creative and combinable solutions with regards to climate change and international security. It includes a series of events: conference, seminars and workshops.

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The CCTM Project was set up in 2009 with the aim to stimulate the debate on the relation between climate change and the role of the military. Central to this exercise was the MAC, 'Military Advisory Council', a group of serving and retired military officers calling for effective political actions to minimise the risks of climate change. By 2013 the MAC evolved into the current Global Military Advisory Council on Climate Change (GMACCC).

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In 2010-11, IES was a partner in the ACCES project which culminated in the "Climate Change and Security in Africa: Vulnerability Report". The report recognises that the security implications of climate change are of increasing relevance to peace and human security. In Africa - where adaptation mechanisms may be limited or uncoordinated – many communities are especially vulnerable to insecurity related to water, food, energy, migration and natural hazards.

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The Hague Roundtable on Climate & Security is an independent forum to promote international cooperation in adapting to climate risks to human well-being, sustainable development, peace and political stability. Created in 2015, participants from representatives of governments and organizations share information and strategies in adaptation regarding water resources, natural disasters, sea level rise, migration, potential conflict and stability of fragile states.

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