Institute for Environmental Security
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EnviroSecurity Action Guide
Promoting Environmental Security and Poverty Alleviation in the Matav?n area of Colombia
This case study report focuses on environmental security in the Matav?n area in Colombia.
The main problem dealt with in this paper is the threat for (indigenous) communities to be driven off their lands by guerrilla and paramilitary warfare and by the cultivation or the eradication of illegal crops.
The violence, the cultivation of illegal crops and their eradication by pesticides and fumigation lead to forest destruction and serious water pollution. The conflicts are now also spilling over into the neighbouring countries.
The challenge now for Colombia is to protect its wealth of ecosystem services and the indigenous people's culture and way of life. To achieve this it must be able to enforce laws, provide its people with security and viable alternatives. Foundational to achieving the challenges are not only payments for ecosystem services, e.g. carbon sequestration, from foreign donors but also remote sensing monitoring of these ecosystems in order to prioritize problematic areas.
Publication website ( PDF - www.envirosecurity.org )
|Author(s)||Hyde Hecker, Jeanna|
|Publisher||Institute for Environmental Security|
|Place published||The Hague|
|Date / Journal Vol No.||October 2005|
1 - ES and foreign and security policy (Mainstreaming environmental factors into foreign and security policy including energy and food security, and security related to other resources such as land, water, living marine resources, terrestrial biodiversity)
2 - ES and development cooperation (Mainstreaming conflict prevention and livelihood protection into development cooperation especially in conflict prone and conflict affected countries, for example, through payment of ecological services and equitable benefit-sharing mechanisms)
3 - ES and peace building (Environmental cooperation for peace building such as through peace parks, river basin management initiatives and cooperation over degraded and environmentally-stressed resources in conflict-prone and conflict-affected zones)
4 - ES monitoring, mapping and early warning
5 - ES risk and needs assessment and management
6 - Environmental conflict prevention and resolution
7- Post-conflict environmental rehabilitation and reconstruction
8 - Natural disasters and climate change mitigation and adaptation