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Satellite image of Borneo copyright 2002-2005 European Space Agency.

Promoting Environmental Security and Poverty Alleviation in the Peat Swamps of Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

This case study report focuses on environmental security in two peat swamp forest areas in Central Kalimantan, namely Mawas and Sebangau. It describes the social and environmental problems in this Indonesian part of Borneo, where environmental goods and services are being abused on a large scale.
With rampant natural resource overexploitation, such as illegal logging, peat drainage, runaway fires initiated to make way for big oil palm, plywood and pulp plantations, inappropriate land use policies and unequal rights for different groups of the population, there has been increase in environmental destruction, poverty, conflicts and violence.

In the analysis of the problems much attention is put at transmigration and poor governance, as the structural factors related to the current environmental and social crisis. After analysing these problems and their linkages, and identifying the various (groups of) stakeholders, recommendations are given for regional, national and international actors to improve environmental security in the region.

Publication website ( PDF - www.envirosecurity.org )

Author(s)Hyde Hecker, Jeanna
PublisherInstitute for Environmental Security
Place publishedThe Hague
Date / Journal Vol No.October 2005
Pages30
 

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