Institute for Environmental Security
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EnviroSecurity Action Guide
Overview of the Links between the Environment, Conflict and Peace
Issues Brief: Mainstreaming Conflict Prevention
The way that we access and use natural resources can cause, trigger or drive violent conflict within states and across sub-regions. But the natural environment can also provide a constructive avenue for conflict prevention and peace-building.
Natural resources are vital to livelihoods, exports and growth, but they can also drive or exacerbate tensions both among groups and communities and/or between states. It is estimated that 17 violent conflicts between 1990 and 2002 centred on the exploitation of natural resources, and that nine of these were in Africa.
This issues brief draws on research conducted by the International Institute for Sustainable Development for the CPDC and on discussions at a CPDC workshop hosted by the Swedish International Development Agency in February 2005. The drafting was then led by the CPDC Secretariat.
Publication website ( PDF - www.civilianpeaceservice.ca )
|Author(s)||International Institute for Sustainable Development and DAC Network on Conflict, Peace and Development Co-operation (CPDC)|
|Date / Journal Vol No.||2005|
1 - ES and foreign and security policy (Mainstreaming environmental factors into foreign and security policy including energy and food security, and security related to other resources such as land, water, living marine resources, terrestrial biodiversity)
2 - ES and development cooperation (Mainstreaming conflict prevention and livelihood protection into development cooperation especially in conflict prone and conflict affected countries, for example, through payment of ecological services and equitable benefit-sharing mechanisms)
3 - ES and peace building (Environmental cooperation for peace building such as through peace parks, river basin management initiatives and cooperation over degraded and environmentally-stressed resources in conflict-prone and conflict-affected zones)
5 - ES risk and needs assessment and management
6 - Environmental conflict prevention and resolution